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with Homi K. Bhabha, a leading figure in contemporary cultural discourse, The concept of the third space is submitted as useful for analysing the enunciation. Homi Bhabha’s Third Space and African identity but as enunciation. . Homi Bhabha theorizes the Third Space of confusion and paradox, or liminality, within . The principal theoretical frame departs from Homi Bhabha’s () concepts of ‘ the third space of enunciation’ and ‘mocking mimicry’, which serve as a more.

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It may seem likely to assume that a higher rate of confusion and conflict occur when people do not share the same traditions or language – but that is not necessarily always true. The colonial slace is split in enunciation between various positioned agents who mis appropriates the dominant ideology in order to intercede against and resist it.

The economic relations fur tradefor instance, were of little relevance to the actual day to day social relations. The staircase is thus metaphorically speaking transcending ‘certain binary oppositions’ such as high and low by offering a liminal space and a pathway between the extremes. It is not enlightening to argue that local agency and autonomy are significant in principle; what is important rather are the ways in which local efforts to encompass colonizers’ activities and offerings may be efficacious in some circumstances and limited ennunciation unsuccessful in others Thomas Many aspects of Gallic life were to some extent transformed by integration into the Roman Empire, including most spheres of rural life.

Enunciation is a key-word here, which on one level can be rephrased as ‘articulating’, or if we put it from a perspective of practice rather than speech or text, we may also add ‘performance’. A popular tale of such a case is the encounter between the Spanish and the Aztecs in the 16th century. The recent approaches tthird that the power of postcolonial theory lies in its comparative methodology and the hybridized and syncretic view of the modern world which it implies. One concerns a Mexican performance artist situated on the border between USA and Mexico, who takes advantage of his ambivalent in-between position in his provocative broadcastings.

On mimicry and materialities Another interesting concept that Bhabha has developed is the subversive dimension of mimicry The importance of hybridity is a sadly neglected issue in archaeological analyses. But instead of simply viewing similarities as an indication of diffusion, exchange or acculturation, we may be able to identify more complex processes of mimicry.

Not only people are involved in encounters, but also plants, animals, bacteria, artefacts and other material elements cf. White echoes Bhabha’s arguments when he concludes: He does, however, provide us with a few more substantial examples. Several scholars have criticised Bhabha for making too general statements from a single text and thus enunciatin the social difference and heterogeneity he otherwise is keen on pointing out.


Cultural Diversity and Cultural Differences | Homi K. Bhabha

But after a while problems emerged for the English as they began to run out enuniation ammunition. Another somewhat classic encounter concerns the complex twists and turns of Cook’s arrival at oc Hawaii islands in At the battle of Isandlwana 10 miles east of the Tugela River, something nonetheless went wrong. Despite the alterations in style and context, the sculptures are similar to the Greek originals, but yet signify something different cf.

Chapter Two 17 In this paper, I will explore the possibilities to discuss a greater variety of possible strategies and responses that may emerge in situations of encounters with unfamiliar practices and materialities. They enunciwtion have developed in relation to a larger context and therefore consist of elements of different origins which they to a varying extent have in common. In order to avoid generalising and formalised views of social encounters, it has become clear that a local, small-scale, perspective is a necessary point of departure.

Interestingly, both groups regarded themselves as superior. In this case, the mimicry is hierarchically reversed as the middle-class teens imitate a lower-class life-style without sspace being subaltern. Postcolonial Theory and Demotic Resistance. Entangled Objects and Hybrid Practices.

Tag: third space of enunciation

One example is the important role that Indian women played in keeping the relations going in the middle ground. Let us consider an example provided by the historian Peter Englund The same goes for the native inhabitants.

In other words, the disruptive temporality of enunciation displaces the narrative of the Western nation which Benedict Anderson so perceptively describes as being written in homogeneous, serial time.

Close encounters in the third space Homi Bhabha is one of the most influential theorists within the postcolonial movement and it is not surprising that his ideas and concepts have gained much interest among archaeologists the recent years of which this volume is but one example.

In addition, it has also become clear that besides the three issues pointed out by van Dommelen the re- evaluation of subaltern histories, the mutual power perspective, and the hybrid nature of social practice and material expressionBhabha and White also point out the possibility that something new can emerge from a social encounter Unmarried Algonquian women had a certain freedom that the French had difficulties understanding; they could live together with one or several men without being refused a good marriage later on.

The special structure of the middle ground was rather a network of fluid relationships structurated by its own language, rituals and practices. Cambridge University Press Barth, Fredrik The Satanic Verses is for change-by-fusion, change-by-conjoining.


Why did Athenian pots appeal to the Etruscans? The origin of the emergence of new practices, materials or artefacts in an area is often a question to pursue, and even sometimes regarded as the main objective of the analysis.

third space of enunciation – AltExploit

White does, however, take us one step beyond Bhabha by providing more specific insights in third space logics like, for instance, the significance of daily contacts and the importance of certain categories women. In a general sense, Bhabha’s work is a devastating critique of mainstream archaeology. In his dialogism thesis, Mikhail Bakhtin emphasizes a enuncoation of enunciation where negotiation of discursive doubleness gives birth to a new speech act:. Of course, the outcome of the Isandlwana battle was not solely a result of the lack of screwdrivers, but the example nonetheless illuminates the importance of materialities including logistics, time-space and the material circumstances in social encounters.

The example of mimicry during the Late Neolithic discussed here is just but one example of how the concept of third space effects can make us look quite differently at old and familiar fictions of the past see, for instance, Fahlander on hybridity versus cultural dualism during the Middle Neolithic, or Ling on rock bhagha of the Bronze Age.

Talpade Mohantyfor instance, argues convincingly in her discussion of the postcolonial situation of women that in order to fully understand the social complexity of colonial encounters, it is necessary to keep the analysis on a local level cf.

Thinking and Speaking first Published as Thought and Language. It is thus important to point out from the start that in any kind of encounter, things may seem strange and incomprehensible or neunciation understandable and familiar, but fo social significance and effects can only be determined enunciiation each given case.

Third Space Theory

The process of hybridity thus makes the idea of cultures and ethnic collectives as homogeneous entities inconceivable, or in Gayatri Spivak’s words, elusive: On the contrary, as I will show further on, the issues raised within the postcolonial discourse can actually be helpful in order to better understand what may seem to be contradictions and strange concurrencies in the archaeological record. The concept of mimicry also applies on a material level. Of the various points in which postcolonial texts intersect, place has a paramount bhabya.

The Third Space – an interview with Homi Bhabha.

Hedeager edsGothenburg: Marshall Sahlins and the apotheosis of culture.